The actions of president Hindenburg were the most important reason why Hitler came to power in 1933. Discuss.
From 1928 to 1932, the Nazi Party went from 12 seats in the Reichstag to 230. This was due to a number of factors including the Wall Street crash and the depression that followed, the weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution and Hitler’s public speaking skills. The actions of President Hindenburg and the crippling nature of Article 48 were certainly important factors in assisting Hitler and his rise to power but perhaps not the most important.
One of the main factors in Hitler’s rise to power was the Economic Depression of 1929. After the Wall Street crash, the U.S. called in its loans to Germany thus increasing both poverty and unemployment levels. The Weimar government did not understand how to reverse the situation so the general public became angry and lost confidence in the relatively new democratic system. During a depression, political trends become extremist and so the Nazis flourished; Hitler offered both a scapegoat and himself as a strong leader to look up to. The depression gave Hitler the edge he needed to gain ninety-five seats in the Reichstag and ultimately progress from the leader of a minority party to the Dictator of the Third Reich.
The Depression also drew attention to the weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution; as poverty and unemployment increased, respect for the democratic system drastically decreased. The German population did not want to be governed by a democracy as it was such a governing body that signed the Treaty of Versailles. Hatred for this document was still rife in Germany and so Hitler, who openly detested the Treaty, became the obvious choice. As well as this, the problems of 1923 were still fresh in people’s minds and no one wanted a repeat. Hitler’s opponents failed to cooperate and so failed to deal with the depression and this only made the Nazi party seem like a more attractive option. Although the Weimar constitution definitely had its weaknesses, these were only emphasised and so utilised by Hitler due to the great depression and might not have seemed so severe in a different political climate.
It was not just the weaknesses of Hitler’s opponents that helped him in his rise to power, but also his own strengths. Otto Straser, a Nazi who did not like Hitler as a person, described Hitler as “one of the greatest speakers of the century”. Because Straser “disliked” Hitler, it seems more likely that any positive critique of him would be reliable, however Staser was a Nazi and so more likely to agree with what Hitler was saying. As well as Hitler’s oratorical skills, the Nazis had an excellent propaganda scheme. Goeballs targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to win their support and this worked extremely well. Hitler said that “propaganda must confine itself to a very few points and repeat itself endlessly” and this practise is seen in Nazi posters from the time. Another important strength of the Nazis was the funding they received from rich, communist-fearing businessmen. This money allowed the Nazis to produce propaganda, control the media and run campaigns among other things.
It was this propaganda that allowed Hitler to ‘legally’ become leader of Germany. In the elections of November 1932 the Nazis failed to get a majority of seats in the Reichstag and only won 196 seats. The Chancellor, von Papen, was struggling to get enough support to pass laws and so Hindenburg was forced to use Article 48. After a brief Chancellorship by Schliecher, von Papen and Hindenburg offered Hitler the post of vice-Chancellor if he promised to support them. However, Hitler refused and he demanded to be made Chancellor. Because of the rapid decline in Nazi seats, Hindenburg and von Papen made the crucial mistake of thinking they could control Hitler. In fact, Hitler managed to get himself the position of Chancellor without staging a Revolution. This mean that nobody could do anything to stop him as everything he did was allowed by the law. As Hitler planned when he said “we shall have to hold our noses and enter the Reichstag against the Catholic and Marxist deputies” during his brief time in prison, he had played the Weimar Republic at its own game and won.
Although Hindenburg’s actions were definitely crucial to Hitler’s rise to power, his foolishness was often matched by von Papen’s. This is demonstrated by von Papen’s quote: “Within two months we will have pushed Hitler so far in the corner that he’ll squeak,” Having said that, some of the reasons that Hindenburg’s decisions were so terrible were completely out of his control such as the Wall Street crash. As well as this, Hitler’s speaking skills certainly played some part in his rise to power as did the propaganda and censorship that made people believe that Hitler was the right choice. Hitler’s rise to power cannot be accredited to one event, but a mixture of factors including the use of Nazi storm troopers against his opponents. Apart from this illegal strategy, Hitler rose to power by using the flaws in the law, events outside his control and his own skill to his great advantage.
 Nazi seats in May 1928: 12; Nazi seats in September 1930: 107
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis Rise to Power Essay examples
867 WordsOct 19th, 19994 Pages
Adolf Hitler was one of the 20th century's most powerful dictators. He was responsible for World War II and the death of millions. Hitler saw a nation in despair and used this as an opportunity to gain political power. He saw a nation of unemployed and hungry citizens and promised them economic prosperity in return for absolute power. Someone once said "The Nazis rose to power on the empty stomachs of the German people".
<br>Hitler was born in Austria-Hungary in 1889. His father, Alois Hitler, worked in Austrian customs service. Hitler had a relatively comfortable childhood. Although he was an above average student he was more interested in art than in academics. Like most German speaking citizens of Austria-Hungary, Hitler considered…show more content…
The German government ordered the workers to strike as a form of passive resistance. To compensate these workers the German government printed huge amounts of new money. This led to inflation. German currency rapidly lost value. Many people were unemployed and on the brink of starvation.
<br>Hitler felt it was the right time to start a revolution. On November 8, 1923, Hitler and about 600 followers attempted to take control of the provincial Bavarian government. They lacked mass support and had no chance against the military force of the government. The rebellion failed and Hitler was imprisoned and sentenced to five years although he only served one. Hitler explained his political views in his book Mein Kampf or My Struggle.
<br>Hitler regained control of the Nazi Party upon his release in December 1924. From 1925 to 1930 Hitler built a network of local parties over most of Germany. He also organized the Schutzstaffel or the "SS", a group that performed police tasks. They carried out violent acts against Hitler's enemies. Unemployed young men who joined Hitler's groups were given food, shelter, uniforms and a sense of purpose.
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