Essay No. 01
Mahatma Gandhi, whose birth day celebrated every year was the greatest man of his time. He was one of those famous sons of India who have guided the destiny of her people from time to time.
He was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. His mother was a religious and pious lady while his father Kaba Gandhi was the Dewan of a small State in Rajkot.
Gandhi joined the school at the age of seven. He was hones and sincere though he was not a very brilliant student. He was married to Kasturba at a small age of thirteen. He went to England to study law when he was only seventeen.
He came back of India after qualifying himself for the bar. He started his practice in Bombay. He could not do well as a lawyer because he never liked to tell a lie. He however, got a case for which he had to go to south Africa. He was known as a coolie barrister there. He was moved by the pitiable condition of the Indians who wife insulted and treated like dogs everywhere in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi became the leader of the Indians and struggled hard for the betterment of their lot.
After some time, he again came back to India. He had now a greater aim before him. He wanted to make his country free from the British rule. After the First World War, the British shot down some 1500 innocent Indian men, women and children in the “Jatianwala Bagh” at Amritsar. This tragedy and inhuman act pained Gandhiji very much. He started a non cooperation movement against the British govt. As a result, thousands of volunteers had to go to jail.
In 1930, Gandhiji started what is known as the Civil disobedience Movement. He broke the Salt Law. He was arrested by the British Govt. which sent him to jail only to release him after some time. He was invited to attend the round Table conference which greatly disappointed him.
His last but the most powerful movement was the quite India Movement. This was started in 1942. He was again arrested along with many others. But the movement continued. It went on gaining momentum as the time went on. The growing irrepressible demand of the Indian awns the force of the world events finally compelled the Births to quit India for good.
Consequently, we won our freedom on 15th August, 1947, the nation was very thankful to Mahatamaji and prayed for his long life. But he did not live long. A communal fanatic Nathu Ram Godse assassinated him on the evening of 30th January, 1948.
Gandhiji is no more with us but he will always act as a torch bearer to the teeming millions of our country. His message of love and peace, his principles of Ahimsa and Truth will always go on leading the country on to the right path. We will go on upholding what is true, good and beautiful in this harse and vindictive world.
He will always be remembered but the Indian as the Father of the Nation.
Essay No. 02
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the magic man of Asia, an apostle of non-violence and preacher of truth, was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar (Gurjarat). He belonged to a well to do family. He went to England to study law and became a barrister. Then he returned to India and began to practice at the Bombay(Now Mumbai) High Court. But he was not much interested in the lawyer’s profession.
He also went to South Africa. There he made efforts to improve the condition of Indians. He underwent numerous sufferings but remained steadfast in his convictions.
After returning from South Africa , Ghandhiji jumped into the Indian politics. He could not bear the miserable Plight of the Indian masses suffering and starving under the British rule. Mahatma Gandhi sacrificed everything to uproot the British from the Indiana soil .
Freedom was the breath of Gandhiji’s life. In 1919 . be started a non-violentand peaceful movement. Hindu – Muslim unity, removal of un touch ability and use of Swadeshi goods were his lifelong missions.
Mahatma Gandhi was a man of sound and sterling character. In fact, he was a very noble soul. He wore a very simple dress and ate simple food. He was not merely a man of words but also of action. What he preached, he practiced. His approach to various problems was non-violent. He was a god –fearing person; he was the cynosure of all eyes. He was a friend to all and enemy of none. He was universally loved and liked.
The part played by Mahatma Gandhi on the stage of Indian politics is unforgettable. In those stormy days of the struggle for Indian independence, Gandhiji suffered and was imprisoned several times, but the freedom of the motherland remained his cherished goal. He guided the freedom fighters, launched the ‘ Quit Indian movement’ and was imprisoned again.
His entire life was a life of service and sacrifice, of devotion and dedication. This saintly statesman , thinker, writer and orator of India still shine like a star on the horizon of India policies.
His tragic death on January 30 ,1948 plunged the entire nation into gloom. He was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse. His death was the greatest blow to the force of peace and democracy. The memorable words of Lord Mountbatten are worth quoting “India, indeed the world, will not see the like of him perhaps for centuries.” His death left a great vacuum in the life of the nation. The whole world still reveres and respects this wizard of the 20th century who has left an indelible mark on Time.
Essay No. 03
Gandhi: The Actions that affected Generations to Come
Many people feel they can change the world and better it for future generations. They try all sorts of ways to change life and many don’t accomplish their goals. One person who did accomplish his goals was Gandhi. Gandhi took many actions to affect those who were doing wrong. But did Gandhi accomplish his goals when he wanted to? Did Gandhi accomplish his goals at all? I feel Gandhi did accomplish his goals, but not in his lifetime.
Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1869, the world’s greatest man was born. Gandhi went to school in England to become a lawyer. lie was trained in formal law, and was classically trained. His education in law made him a diligent thinker. He then established a law practice in Bombay now Mumbai with little success. Two years later he joined an Indian firm. This firm retained him as a legal advisor in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as though part of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants in South Africa. He threw himself into the Struggle for elementary rights for Indians. He used his training when forming his beliefs. “The things that will destroy us are: Politics without principle; Pleasure without conscience; Wealth without work; Knowledge without character; Business without morality; Science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice.”
Gandhi spent the next twenty years of his life in South Africa, being imprisoned many a time. Why was he imprisoned do you ask? Well, this is where you can find. out. Gandhi became a freedom fighter for Indians, minus the fighting of course. Well, sort of, Gandhi had been attacked and beaten many times by the white South Africans. He then formed his idea of passive resistance to, and non-cooperation with, the South African authorities. “Make waves, not war” he gained inspiration to be a passive resister from the writer Leo Tolstoy, Gandhi’s greatest influence. Tolstoy left a profound influence and imprint on Gandhi as did the teachings of Jesus Christ and the nineteenth century writer Henry David Thoreau. Thoreau’s essay “Civil Disobedience” was one Gandhi took to heart. But civil disobedience and passive resistance were believed by Gandhi to be inadequate for his purpose. For that reason Gandhi coined the term Satyagraha, a Sanskrit word meaning truth and firmness. This word defined what Gandhi was working towards. In 1910, Gandhi founded. Tolstoy Farms, in Johannesburg, which was a cooperative colony for Indians to go to.
The first of Gandhi’s nonviolent protests was the sit-in. He was arrested dozens of time for doing a sit-in. When the Indian people were being oppressed or unfairly taxed, Gandhi would go to an important area. Important as in, in front of a government building of those doing the taxing or oppressing. He would peacefully sit until arrested. The meetings or gatherings could not continue while Gandhi was there and others would join him, usually Indians, so to prevent the evil ways from continuing. After twenty years of sit-ins Gandhi decided he needed something bigger.
The sit-ins always ended with the gathering continuing afterward and Gandhi in jail. That is only so effective, surely not effective enough. Gandhi instigated hunger strikes to stop Indian oppression. Gandhi would go for extremely long periods of time without eating. The South African government did know of these hunger strikes and were forced to give in. If they did not they would be responsible for the death of this man. It’s perfectly understandable why they gave in, of course. But the government wouldn’t just give Gandhi anything for not eating, so Gandhi’s progression towards his goals was still quite slow. When he did eat Gandhi was a vegetarian and still are very little. Because of his diet Gandhi became awfully frail and skinny; his breath had an incurable odour. He also walked around barefoot which made his feet hard and callused. For these two reasons he became known as Super callused fragile mystics plagued with halitosis. His face became synonymous with the struggle of the Indian people and an international symbol of a free Indian state. He led the Indian people in the struggle for Indian independence.
Gandhi’s beliefs spread like wildfire throughout the newly formed independent India. Gandhi gained millions upon millions of followers. All followed Gandhi’s nonviolent non cooperative ways. English courts, as well as many Other government establishments, were boycotted; Indian children were withdrawn from government schools. His followers would not even rise when being beaten, filling the streets in their squatting meditation position. At this point Gandhi made the change. He changed his name to Mahatma, a Sanskrit word meaning great soul, a title reserved only for the greatest sages.
In 1932, Gandhi started his civil disobedience campaign against the British. He was arrested twice for this campaign when he took on his bigger fast known as the fast unto death. He knew that a civil war would break out if he were to die in a British jailhouse. This fast luckily did not last until death.
Gandhi caused many government laws and ways to cease with his actions. Among those are: abolishing taxes over many items placed on the Indians, establishing a Muslim State, stopping much oppression of Indians, creating new ways of thought, life, and being. He accomplished all this and much more all before he retired from politics to travel and speak to groups about nonviolence. Gandhi influenced alm03t everyone who has heard the name including Martin Luther King Jr. for example.
Gandhi’s death at the hands of an assassin on January 30, 1948 was considered a national catastrophe. The world had a period of mourning, and he didn’t go down only in twentieth century history, but also in world history. Religious violence soon waned in India and Pakistan, and Gandhi’s thoughts soon began to inspire people worldwide about nonviolence.
The important question is, did the Mahatma, Gandhi, accomplish his goals? If he did, did he accomplish his goals in his lifetime? I feel Gandhi did accomplish all his goals, even more than his goals. Muslims got their own State, Indian oppression decreased and the world improved just from his presence. I feel that he did accomplish a lot of his goals, but not all were accomplished during his lifetime. Many were accomplished simply by his death. Others by his teachings being spread after his death. Though I feel Gandhi did accomplish his goals, I have a doubt that he would be pleased with modern society or today’s world. There is still much violence and wrongdoing around that he would not be pleased with. I believe that our society is greedy, and that if people could they would live by martial law. Because they can’t, people go by their own rules as much as possible. Normal practices in today’s society go against exactly what Gandhi taught. Swaraj, Sanskrit for self-ruling, was one of the many things Gandhi spoke out against and swaraj is still practiced in everyday life.
Ahimsa, non-injury, and satyagraha, truth and firmness, were Gandhi s most important teachings. Unfortunately we live in a world where to be such a way is “uncool” and almost unacceptable if wanting to be accepted by Others when growing up. “My life is my message,” is one of Gandhi’s more famous quotes. Much could be learned. from this quote. In just two generations most of Gandhi’s teachings have been forgotten. This quote explains all of his beliefs in just five simple words. Gandhi was one of the world’s most inspiring individuals. He accomplished more than any other man in history did. Amazing.
Essay No. 04
Mahatma Gandhi is one of the Greatest leaders of India. He was not only a famous politician but a great Mahatma and saint. He was really a great soul. He was an apostle of peace and truth. He scarified everything for the sake of his country and country men. His principles of Ahinsa and Truth have been appreciated all over the world. He was called ‘Bapu’ – the father no Nation.
Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in 1869. His father was the Dewan of the Porbander state. His full name was Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi. His mother was a religious lady. So Gandhiji became an able, honest and religious man.
Gandhiji passed the Matriculation Examination from Rajkot. Then he went to Samaldas College, Bhavangar. He went to England to study law. From there he returned as a barrister after three years.
Gandhiji knew the value of labour. He taught people to use spade and spinning wheel. Gandhiji had one aim in life. he wanted to serve the people. He wanted to save them from wrong and injustice. It took him to South Africa. There he helped his countrymen who were badly treated by the English People. It took him to jail. It brought him to death’s door. But he never gave it up. Nothing can be got without sacrifice and suffering for others. Gandhiji’s greater creed was non- violence. He sowed it in political and civic life.
On his return, he began to practice as a barrister in Bombay High Court, but he was not successful in the profession. In 1913 he left for South Africa in order to plead the case of a firm named Dada Abdullah & Co. during his stay there, he fully studied the situation of Indians in South Africa. the behaviour of the White towards the Indians shocked him very much. He fought against the National Government to improve the lot of Indians there. He started Satyagrah movement for the rights of the Indians. He did not take rest till Indian Relief Act was passed.
Gandhiji returned to Indian in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress. In 1924 he was elected president of the Indian National Congress at Belgaum. He threw himself heart and soul into India’s stuggle for freedom. He started the Non- co- operation movement in 1920 and Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. Under Gandhiji’s leadership in 1920, the Simon Commission was boycotted by all the nationalists. He always tried to achieve Hindu Muslim unity. In 1942, he started the Quit India movement. In 1930, he violated the Salt Law by making salt from seawater. He was sent to jail many times. In 1947 India got her freedom.
Gandhiji had some wonderful qualities – truth , courage, gentleness and love. He always fooled the path of truth. Every citizen of the world was his brother. He made no difference between castes, races and religions. He was a friend of all. Gandhiji tried to remove the difference between Hindus and Muslims. He tried to unite them.
On January 30, 1948, he was shot dead by a Hindu in a prayer assembly at Birla House, Delhi. Speaking over the radio Pandit Nehru said, ‘The light has gone out of our lives and everywhere it is dark.” Gandhiji was really the light of India. He shwoed India and the world the path of love. Truth and Ahimsa. He got freedom for India, through the unique weapon of non- violence.
Gandhiji lived and died for peace, love, truth and non- violence. He was one of those prophets like Jesus Christ, Buddha, Rama and Socrates, who gave light to the world. So long as India and Indian freedom lives, the name of Gandhi will be enshrined in the heart of every Indian.
Essay No. 05
Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as BAPU or Father of the Nation. He was the greatest freedom fighter who ultimately got freedom for this nation on 15 August, 1947. He was born on 2 October, 1869 at Pornbandar in Kathiawar (Gujarat). His father was the Dewan of Rajkot and Bikaner and a great nationalist of his time. He matriculated in 1887 and went to England to study law. On his return to India as a Barristor he had to go to South Africa to follow a case. There he was pained to see the deplorable condition of Indians at the hands of foreign rulers. It was here that his love for the depressed and the neglected rose in him and he started a movement against this oppression. He was soon popular for his devout ways against oppression through non-violent ways. On his return to India is 1913 he took active part in the movement against British Rule and joined Indian National Congress.
Mahatma Gandhi gave a new shape to the freedom movement. He introduced all non- violent ways to fight the foreign rulers. He led four Civil Disobedience Movements and was jailed many times. He became a leader of the masses very soon as he took the movement to the common Indian by looking into the problems of the lowest of the low, farmers, workers, and the untouchables as they were called. He called them Harijans or the men of God. His approach was quite novel and effective. He tried and succeeded to rid the masses of this country of the universal fear of the land –lord, police and the money – lender.
Mahatma Gandhi was a staunch Indian, a Hindu, a believer of the principle, “Work is Worship” as ordained in the great Indian classic “Bhagwad Gita”. He introduced the concept of “Basic Education” which stressed upon earning with learning. His work with “Charkha” or the “Spinning Wheel” wrought a revolution in the minds of people. He stressed upon the freedom from poverty along with political freedom. He proved practically that the weapon of non- violence was the strongest ever weapon to fight against the mightiest of the might.
The power of the British had to bow before him. They saw in him a power which could not be subdued. They had finally to give in and India became independent in 1947. He was pained to see India partitioned. He wanted India to unite again but he fell to the bullets of one Nathu Ram Godse before his dream came true.
Essay No. 06
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in Gujarat on 2″d October 1869. He did his schooling in Rajkot Gujarat. At that time India was under British rule. His father died before Gandhi could finish his schooling. At the age of thirteen, Gandhi got married to Kasturba, who was even younger. In 1888, he set sail for England, where he decided to pursue a degree in law. After one year of a none too successful law practice, Gandhi decided to accept an offer from an Indian businessman in South Africa, Dada Abdulla, to join him as a legal adviser. During those days, the Indians who were living in South Africa were without political rights, and were generally known by the derogatory name of ‘coolies’. Gandhi himself came to an awareness of the frightening force when he was thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car, though he held a first-class ticket, at Pietermaritzburg. From this political awakening, Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it was in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance. Gandhi was to describe himself as a seeker of satya (truth), which could not be attained. other than through ahinsa (non-violence, love) arid brahmacharya (celibacy, striving towards God).
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915 with the determination of raising an awareness among people for their rights. Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar, where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
Gandhi had ideas on every subject, from hygiene and nutrition to education and labour, and he relentlessly pursued his ideas in newspapers. He is still remembered as one of the principal figures in the history of Indian journalism. Due to his efforts in the awakening of Indian people, he had earned the title of Mahatma from Rabindranath Tagore, India’s most well-known writer. When the tragedy happened at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Gandhi wrote the report of the Punjab Congress Inquiry Committee. Over the next two years, he initiated the non-cooperation movement, which called upon Indians to withdraw from British institutions, to return honors conferred by the British, and to learn the art of self-reliance. Though the British administration was at places paralyzed, the movement was suspended in February 1922. In early 1930, the Indian National Congress declared that it would now be satisfied with nothing short of complete independence (purna swaraj). On March 2, Gandhi addressed a letter to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, informing him that unless Indian demands were met, he would be compelled to break the ‘salt laws’. On the early morning of March 12, with a small group of followers he proceeded for Dandi March on the sea. They arrived there on April 5. Gandhi picked up a small lump of natural salt and gave the signal to hundreds of thousands of people to similarly defy the law, since the British exercised a monopoly on the production and sale of salt. This was the beginning of the civil disobedience movement. In 1942, Gandhi issued the last call for independence from British rule. On the grounds of Kranti Maidan , he delivered a speech, asking every Indian to lay down their life, if necessary, in the cause of freedom. He gave them this mantra, ‘Do or Die’; at the same time, he asked the British to ‘Quit India’. After a long struggle, India got independence on August 15, 1947. Though India gained independence, yet it was achieved at a cost. The partition of India and Pakistan created much pain and a lot of bloodshed. This earned many opposers of Gandhi as well. One morning, Gandhi folded his hands, greeted his audience with a namaskar and was about to leave for prayers. At that moment, a young man came up to him, took a revolver out of his pocket, and shot him three times in his chest. Bloodstains appeared over Gandhi’s white woolen shawl. His hands still folded in a greeting, Gandhi uttered “He Ram! He Ram!” and left the world.
Essay No. 07
India : Father of the Nation
Birth :1869 Death : 1948
Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against .the British rule. The most unique thing about this struggle was that it was completely non-violent.
The political career of Gandhiji started in South Africa where at the beginning of this century he launched a civil disobedience movement against the maltreatment meted out to Asian settlers. In .1916, he returned to India and took up the leadership of the national freedom struggle. Gandhiji launched many movements to force the British to concede India its independence. The Most well-known being: ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ (1920), ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ (1930) and ‘ Quit India Movement’ (1942). In 1930, Gandhiji also led the famous `Dandi March’ for breaking the salt laws. Gandhiji also worked hard for the upliftment of the Harijans, the name given by him to the untouchables. Gandhiji declared untouchability a sin against God and man.
Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat. After finishing his early education in India, he sailed to England to study law. Gandhiji returned from England in 1891 and qualified as a barrister. In 1894, Gandhiji went to South Africa in connection with a law-suit. Gandhiji wrote his famous autobiography under the title My Experiments with Truth. Gandhiji always stood for communal harmony, but he himself was shot dead by a religious fanatic Nathu Ram Godse on 30th January 1948. The whole of the world. mourned his death.
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